Laser vision correction is a type of refractive surgery used to improve vision. A laser is used during the procedure by an ophthalmologist to reshape the cornea. Laser vision correction can treat several conditions, including nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. The surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis, and the results are usually immediate.
What Is Lasik Eye Surgery?
LASIK, or laser in-situ keratomileusis, is a procedure that can be used to correct astigmatism, nearsightedness, or farsightedness. The cornea, the transparent front part of the eye, is changed during one of the various vision correction operations to focus light toward the retina at the back of the eye.
The Purpose Of Lasik Surgery
Refractive error is the word doctors use to describe the condition where light cannot focus properly on your retina and causes blurry vision. Basic types include:
- Nearsightedness (myopia): You can see something while it is close to you, but when it is far away, it becomes hazy.
- Farsightedness (hyperopia): Distanced things are more apparent, while closer ones are fuzzy.
- Astigmatism: This could make everything hazy because of your eye shape.
- Consult your doctor to know if LASIK is the best procedure.
Avoid The Procedure If You Meet The Following Criteria:
- Are younger than 18
- Are you pregnant or nursing
- Are taking specific medications
- Have had many recent changes made to your prescription
- Have thin or irregular corneas
- Have glaucoma or dehydrated eyes, among other eye conditions
- have additional health issues like lupus, diabetes, or rheumatoid arthritis.
Advantages Of Lasik Surgery
The Benefits Of LASIK Include The Following:
- It has been in existence for about 25 years. 96% of individuals attain their visual goals after surgery. With a change for the better, this number might rise much higher.
- If there is any pain, it is minor.
- There are no stitches or bandages.
- If your vision changes as you age, your doctor can make modifications.
- You generally won’t need to wear contacts or glasses after having LASIK.
Lasik Surgery Risks
Like Any Treatment, LASIK Carries Potential Hazards. A Few Of These Include:
- Although it’s rare, complications could eventually impair your vision, which is one reason to choose a physician who regularly conducts these procedures.
- In sporadic cases, LASIK surgery can cause you to lose your best vision with contacts or glasses, known as your correctable vision.
- Insurance usually does not cover LASIK.
Lasik Surgery’s Effects On The Eyes
Some people feel uncomfortable for the first few days after LASIK eye surgery.
Other adverse effects are rare and usually go away over time.
- Seeing haloes around images
- Finding it challenging to drive at night
- Unsteady vision
- Damp eyes
- Scratchy eyes
- Sensitivity to light
- Little bruises around your eyes
How Can I Prepare For Lasik?
Before having LASIK, you will meet with a coordinator or an eye doctor to review what to anticipate during and after the process. They will ask you about your medical background and do a comprehensive eye exam. Exams may be required to measure your corneal thickness, eye pressure, and refraction. Your pupils can dilate and map your corneas. The surgeon will answer your questions. You can then schedule a surgical day and time after that. If you wear hard gas-permeable contacts, wait at least three weeks before your evaluation.
Wear no other types of contact lenses for at least three days before the evaluation. Remember to bring your glasses so the surgeon may check your prescription. Before surgery, eat a modest meal, and remember to take all your prescription medications.
What Happens During Lasik Surgery?
To numb your eyes, LASIK Surgeon will give you eye drops. You can also ask for a moderate sedative. They’ll use a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser to make a tiny flap in your cornea. They’ll peel it back and use a different laser to sculpt the tissue. The replacement of the flap will then conclude the procedure. LASIK surgery itself usually takes 20 minutes. Make arrangements for a ride home after your procedure.
What Should I Expect After Lasik Surgery?
Your eyes are dry, even though it might not feel like it. Your doctor will prescribe eye drops to keep your eyes moist and prevent infection and irritation. You can get a transient, minor burning sensation or have impaired vision when using them. Eyedrops should only be used after first visiting a doctor.